Wednesday, 16 May 2018

Out of The Box Teaching-Learning in Today’s Educational scenario


“Creativity is seeing what everyone else has seen, and thinking what no one else has thought.” - Albert Einstein
The concept of Out The Box Learning was started due to the growing need for an adaptive approach in educating children. In today’s knowledge economy where intellectual property is valued more than physical resources, we need to prepare a different kind of employee. The kind who is a creative problem solver and develops their own novel ideas to drive the next generation of technological innovations. Higher level skills and abstract thinking is important to teach kids to think outside the box.
Many children fall through the gaps in a typical curriculum, due to their differences in behaviour, cognition or various other challenges they are facing. As a society we tend to focus on the negative, of what our children can’t do and are not achieving. What we should be looking at; is what they excel in and reinforcing their unique talents, while helping them grasp the concepts that are difficult for them.
Our aim is to develop each child to be able to function independently and socially with confidence. We want our children to have happy, constructive days at our Centre in an environment that is relaxed, positive and supportive. We endeavour to enhance the strengths and abilities of our children and improve on the challenges they experience on a daily basis. We hope to put some fun back into their days and to help them reach their full potential.
Since our children are unique therefore for “Out The Box” thinking and learning we have foster an environment where out of the box thinking is given time, is valued and rewarded.
 Strategies to help students develop creativity
  1. Ask open-ended questions
Asking open-ended questions help students to think outside the box. Many times during the school day, students are responding to closed questions. The thinking involved is quite minimal and there is only one possible correct answer.
2.      Establish discussion routines
Teachers that regularly have student-centred classroom discussions give students ample opportunities to think outside the box. .
3.      Model creativity accounts for out of box thinking
As  educators, we have the responsibility to model our own creativity to children. Taking part in open-ended discussions, creative construction with  roleplaying will be beneficial for creative thinking. 
  1. Use visible thinking routines
Students should be exposed to novel ways in which their classmates are thinking but are also challenged to document their own thinking in using easy-to-learn strategies. Visible thinking is scaffolded using various routines designed to encourage a culture of thinking in classrooms and school. 
  1. Praise out of the box thinking
Acknowledging students when they display creativity is a crucial part in developing a culture where creativity is valued and fostered.
  1. Specify end goals not the process
Rather than over-scaffolding tasks, let students work out how to reach the end goal by thinking
Since our children are unique therefore for “Out The Box” thinking and learning we have foster an environment where out of the box thinking is given time, is valued and rewarded.

Himani

Assistant Professor
JIE ,JEMTEC ,JIMS ,Greater Noida



Technology Will Change The Way We Live In The Future


What we know as a home today is nothing remotely like what homes looked like just 100 years ago. We have central air, natural gas heating, and many other modern amenities that our ancestors could never imagine. Therefore, there is no reason to believe that in another century, houses won't look foreign to us, as well.
As technology improves, so does the ability for more innovation in our homes. That is why the following list of three ways technology will drastically change our homes of the future has been created. They are as follows:
·         Energy Use Reduction
·         Additional Safety Measures
·         Assuage Health Concerns

Energy Use Reduction

Some of the biggest energy users within our homes are appliances. This includes hot water heaters, refrigerators and lighting fixtures. Thanks to in-home monitoring devices, it is probable that our homes of the future will be far more energy efficient than they are today. For example, think about a modern refrigerator. It is always on because it needs to keep your food cold so it won’t go bad. While this is necessary, it is a highly inefficient use of energy. With an energy monitoring system implemented in your home, it will be able to cut power to the fridge when it has been closed for a long period of time and is able to self insulate the cold temperatures within. Other systems can be set up to detect if lights have been left on in an unoccupied room and shut them off for you. A variety of methods like these can be implemented to reduce the cost of your energy bill and greatly lower our reliance on electricity that can have negative impacts on the environment based on the methods that it is generated. So, thanks to our homes, we will have more money in our pockets and a cleaner planet to live on.

 

Additional Safety Measures

Many people believe that the Internet of Things, commonly known as IoT, will become an ingrained part of our homes in the future. The IoT is the idea that many ordinary devices can be connected through internet access and be used for positive means. This would, of course, include your home of the future, thus allowing it to communicate with surrounding homes and buildings in the area. Over time, the homes will be able to share useful data that can prevent things like power outages from occurring by diverting limited amounts of power to only necessities. Also, as this type of data is better collected over time, much more accurate maps of things like flood plains can be developed. This can have far-reaching impacts, such as lower home insurance quotes for those out of a floodplain, as well as increased safety alerts. Because insurers will realize that your home has a far lower chance of being damaged by a flood than a home a mile down the road, they will be able to more accurately sell you an insurance policy. This can end up saving you thousands of dollars throughout your lifetime that can be better spent on things you enjoy. The IoT can also be utilized to send out alerts if an extreme weather event such as a flood were to occur. This way, you and your family are able to quickly evacuate to a safer location.

 

Assuage Health Concerns

We already live in a society where millions of medical patients are remotely monitored. As technology improves, we will be able to ensure that those with preexisting medical conditions are getting the proper care that they need. Their home will be able to connect to the health-monitoring devices and contact emergency services in case of an emergency. Not only will this be possible but it will also be able to show you that you are experiencing warning signs and that you should consider seeking medical attention as quickly as possible. Thousands of lives can be saved, and those who have elderly parents and relatives can rest easier at night knowing that someone is always looking out for them and available to respond at a moment’s notice. If even one life is saved, the addition of this technology into the home of the future will have been well worth it. Preventative measures can be taken that keep more people living in their own homes for longer periods of time.
The future is unknown and this can frighten some people. Alternatively, the future is highly exciting because of all the technological advances that are likely to be implemented into our daily lives that we can’t fathom at this time. One thing we know for sure is, the home of the future will look nothing like homes as we know them today.


Gurpreet Singh
Assistant Professor (ME)


Focus of Budget 2018-19


The key focus of the Budget 2018-19 is on strengthening the rural economy and reviving up growth in the rural sector. To that end a slew of measures have been announced in the Budget which among other include higher MSPs for kharif crops, upgradation of rural haats to give farmers better access to formal mandi, increase in institutional farm credit, new funds for Fisheries and Animal Husbandry sectors, more fund for re-structured National Bamboo Mission fund, allocation for deprived irrigation districts, extension of the facility of Kisan Credit Cards to fisheries and animal husbandry farmers to help them meet their working capital needs. All these measures would transform rural India in a big way.
For the benefit of lower and middle class the measures like increase in loans to Woman Self Help Groups, higher targets for Ujjwala, Saubhagya in providing free LPG connections, electricity and toilets have been announced. 
These measures, coupled with the mega health insurance programme for the poor and massive spending on rural infrastructure, will go a long way in strengthening the rural economy and boosting consumption in the hinterland. 
Among the most important initiatives in the budget is the health insurance scheme which is set to benefit 100 million households with coverage of Rs. 5 lakh per annum. This is by far, the world's largest health insurance plan for which government will bear the cost. Setting up 1.5 lakh Health Wellness Centers spread over all the major panchayats of the country will bring healthcare to the doorsteps of the rural people.
Several announcements have been made in the budget in respect of Senior Citizens. Senior citizens will now be entitled to have a minimum interest of 8% on amount up to Rs.15 lakh under the Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandan To jana. No tax will be levied on interest up to Rs. 50,000 on their Bank and Post Office deposits. Besides, relief from Income Tax has been provided on expenditure up to Rs. 1 lakh incurred on treatment of serious diseases.
In this budget, the government has reduced the tax rate for MSME by 5%.They will now have to pay only 25% tax in place of 30% which was the practice earlier. Credit seeking from the banks and NBFCs has been eased to ensure the required working capital for MSME industries. It will give a further impetus to the mission of 'Make in India'.
Special emphasis has been given to development of infrastructure related to Digital India. Allocation of Rs. 6 lakh crores has been made which is Rs. 1 lakh crore more than the previous year. These schemes will enhance employment opportunities in our country manifold.
Lauding the Budget, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said that the focus of the budget is on issues ranging from Agriculture to Infrastructure. It is expected to give a boost to the hopes and aspirations of 125 crore people of the country and accelerate the development process.
Finance Minister ended his budget speech by quoting from Vivekananda's Memoirs of European Travel:"You merge yourselves in the void and disappear, and let new India arise in your place. Let her arise - out of the peasant's cottage, grasping the plough; out of the huts of the fisherman. Let her spring from the grocer's shop, from beside the oven of the fritter seller. Let her emanate from the factory, from marts, and from markets. Let her emerge from groves and forests, from hills and mountains ".Truly, an apt quote to conclude the Budget which strives to empower the informal economy. 


Mrinal Abhinav
Assistant Professor
JIMS, Greater Noida


Monday, 30 April 2018

“SEAPLANE IN INDIA”


The seaplane is a fueled fixed wing flying machine competent of taking off and landing (landing) on water. It requires a runway length of only 300 meters furthermore, is prepared with skims that permit it to arrive on conduits. He went in a Quest Kodiak plane, which is a seaplane. Journey Aircraft Company is an organization situated in Idaho, United States. It presented its first flying machine, the Kodiak 100, in 2007.
India has approximately 14,500 km of traversable conduits. Introduction of seaplane travel is a correct advance toward the path of expanding the transportation framework inside the nation what's more, to guarantee air availability to remote and detached goals. UDAN: Keeping this as a main priority, under the aggressive Regional Availability Scheme (RCS), seaplanes are allowed to fly. The RCS, otherwise called UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) means to associate unserved and under-served air terminals also as make flying more reasonable. Union transport serve has likewise asked for Japanese firm Setouchi to fabricate seaplanes in the nation following the fruitful trial keeps running of the company's air ship here.
PM Modi's seaplane ride was touted as the principal ever in the nation by the Prime Minister's site and rehashed by news outlets when that was unmistakably not the situation, nor was the PM the first Indian to movement in a seaplane. This account was at first played up and after that unobtrusively withdrawn on PM Modi's site.
Following underneath are the prior seaplane benefits in India:
(a) Jal Hans: The main ever business seaplane benefit was Jal Hans which was propelled in India in 2010.
The administration was mutually worked by Pawan Hans, people in general part helicopter specialist organization and the organization of the Andaman and Nicobar islands.  The Jal Hans benefit has now been slowed down.
(b) Kerala seaplane benefit: In 2013, the Kerala seaplane benefit advanced by Kerala Tourism Infrastructure Ltd was declared to interface the conduits of the state.
“Sea plane services can also be very helpful during times of medical emergencies. Those needing even quicker possibility to medical care and those living in remote areas stand to gain a lot,"
"Effective use of waterways augurs well for tourism. Places like Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, our vibrant North East places with many water bodies, dams, and waterways will benefit with usage of sea planes. More tourism also brings greater economic opportunities," Prime Minister Modi said in his tweet.

R J Yadav,
Asst. Professor (ME)

The world's biggest lithium-particle battery


The world's biggest lithium-particle battery is currently live in South Australia subsequent to being conveyed half a month prior, effortlessly beating the guarantee Elon Musk made of "100 days or it's free." The South Australian Government takes note of that out of the blue, clean breeze vitality can be guided to the framework all day, every day enhancing the framework's unwavering quality, regardless of whether the breeze is blowing or not. The 100MW battery cultivate has enough stockpiling ability to control in- excess of 30,000 homes.
The dispatch comes after an administrative testing period that analyzed the battery's capacity to both charge to, and from, Australia's National Energy Market and go about as a generator. The NEM consolidates 40,000km of transmission lines and links around Australia. Tesla powerpacks were associated with Neoen'sHornsdale windfarm, a few hours north of Adelaide. As indicated by Hornsdale Power Reserve, the battery takes up under 10,000 square meters of land.
"The fruition of the world's biggest lithium-particle battery in record time demonstrates that a manageable, compelling vitality arrangement is conceivable," Tesla said in an announcement. "We are pleased to be a piece of South Australia's sustainable power source future, and seek this task gives a model after future organizations around the globe.
Tesla takes note of that the battery will help understand the state's energy deficiency troubles and help amid mid-year crest loads. South Australia has been disabled by vitality issues and endured a far-reaching power outage last September. That occasion started an exceedingly politicized discuss about vitality security, with the Federal Government accusing the disappointment of sustainable power source to cover utilization, while others indicated transmission lines and towers toppling over because of serious climate.


Nitin Tyagi
Assistant Professor
Department of ECE

Optimism: What it really says??


“Be an Optimist!!, Don’t lose hope…” …are endless suggestions which we all receive during our bad and hard times. But the moment when we are receiving these hyper suggestions is usually the time when we can’t even imagine our next move by just sitting idle and having a positive attitude. At that time, all these scholarly suggestions seem to be useless, meaningless and even pseudo too…
But my dear!!!! those are the only moments which can also make you realize what actually these big words meant for???
Without any doubt, being positive especially during the worst time is next to impossible, but believe me, these words are actually your life savior, life changing and life transforming words.
Just try to forget what happened, what was the extent of that negative moment, what was it all about…just focus on your mindset while dealing with them, no matter what life brings to you, stay calm, stay positive and stay focused on what you want…
As your beliefs have the power to move the mountains (you must have watched “TUBE LIGHT” movie J J). Don’t let the negative thoughts occupy any single corner of your mind. Have firm belief on your strength and determination and yes please don’t leave everything on destiny….
Destiny gives us only that for which we struggle and we fight, leaving everything on destiny is just like eating food without your own hands.
Don’t ever change your dreams just because someone said that this is  not in your destiny…You are the maker and creator of your own destiny, (if not 100%, but upto 99.5%) . So better to leave only that 0.5% portion on destiny, rest is in your hands as….
“Fight for your dreams, your dreams will fight for you back.
Dr. Neha Gupta
Assistant Professor
JIE


Saturday, 14 April 2018

Marital Rape and the question of ‘consent’


Rape in the present day context has been seen as the most heinous crimes that is prevelant in the society. Rape in the simplest of forms could be defined as an act of coercive sex of non consensual nature by the offender on the survivor (the author has on purpose abstained from the usage of the word ‘victim’ as she believws that the usage of the same defeats the purpose of the crusade around the rights of rape victims.) Gendering the act of rape has been particularly avoided because the issue needs a particular attention though a lot of debates have taken place around it but the issue has not been able to reach a particular standpoint, but that is beside the point and out of the scope of the present context.
Marital rape, though till date, has not been able to find its way in the criminal statutes of the country and finds itself mentioned as an exception to section 375 of the Indian Penal Code. .  A glance at clause 359 and 360 of the Draft code reveals that Macaulay and his fellow commissioners presumably assumed that a woman, through marriage, forgoes forever her right to refuse sexual intercourse with her husband and the husband, thereby, acquires an unconditional and unqualified licence to force sex upon his wife. If we proceed to define marital rape it could be coercive non consensual intercourse by a husband upon his wife within the institution of matrimony. Two things that are alarming in this bare and plain definition of marital rape are the issues of firstly, ‘consent’ and secondly, the breach of trust and the vulnerability of woman to such an atrocious act within the institution of marriage.
In times when the debates around this particular discussion is quite heated, it is most important that we raise the right questions and issues around it. The question is not whether we should criminalize marital rape. It is rather that in criminalizing marital rape how do we unpack the nuanced issue of “consent” which is complex and even moreso within the institution of marriage. If we unpack and get our head around it then ‘consent’ is a very emotinally laden term and it brings us to the juxtaposition of both law and emotion which is complex in itself.
It is imperative to note that what may seem to be consenting on the outside may be the exact opposite on the inside. The question is thus that would the presence of passive submission also amount to rape. For a woman, the exercise of consent before marriage is denied; for any consensual act on her part is often considered a taboo and also in some conditions,  if fullfilled,  put under the realm of ‘statutory rape’ and after marriage is seen to be unnecessary for the act of getting married is seen to be a form of consent for all that is to follow. It is also pertinent to note that even during the process of getting married it is gladly presumed, in an arranged marriage setup, that the girl is accepting to enter into a sexual relationship with her prospective groom. The fact that in such setups the girl has mostly been vehemently been protected from any such contact with the male gender is blatantly denied like the desire that the girl might have to consent to such a relationship or not. This dynamic in the social setup leads the husband to believe that the wife has no say when it comes to protecting her person from his lust as a right not initially exercised is presumed to be forfeited for all times.
Primarily the institution of marriage is regarded with such reverence because it is the starting point of the unit of family. In our cultural setup where live in relationships are still condemend on moral grounds (besides the fact that the same bestows the same rights to the women as the lawfully wedded wife in the eyes of law) giving up on the institution of marriage is considered to be beyond the acceptable standards of moral and cultural behaviour. In short it defies the norm. Also the fact that marriage in our cultural ethos has been seen as a tool to provide the much needed security to the perceived hapless woman gender. Law in the civil remedies that it provides in cases  of domestic violence and divorce (in the form of alimony) foregrounds this deplorable picture of the woman subject that women in order to sustain themselves will have to be in some way or the other be connected to the structure of marriage. Before marriage on the incomes of the parents (read father), during marriage on the husband and after the dissolution of marriage on the alimony that comes through it. This entire nexus of power being controlled by the patriarchal figures of the society leaves the female subject in a vulnerable position.
To add to the injury this structure of marriage demands that the continuance flow of such an economic sustenance can and shall only be ensured when the woman displays “good behaviour” all the time. Law also reinforces such a conduct within marriage by reinstating it through fat alimonies that can be extracted if a such good behaviour has been on display throughout. In the pursuit of such control of behaviour and categorisation of what is accepatble and what is not, it is obvious that dissent is left behind and acqueisce is the only option that is left with the female subject. Therefore, it would not be wrong to say that marriage as an institution negates  the notion of gender equality. In such a situation where there is no question of dissent and the only sexual agency, that can ever be validly exercised by the female subject, is within marriage, choice as an option is negated.
One may argue that a generalization of such sorts and to paint a picture of women so deplorable would not be justified as educated and economically independent women may not find such a difficulty in exercising their sexual agency or saying a ‘no’ when required because the law deals with them differently. This may be true as far as the treatment of law that is metted out to them is concerned, though the author begs to differ. But the counter to such an argument is the fact that women who represent the category mentioned above often find themselves in an uncomfortable position when it comes to question of exercising such sexual agency outside the institution of marriage. To protect themselves from such an ‘unpleasant’ situation they try to come under the rescue of the rape laws that the state provides and validate the then consensual sexual act, even though performed under the false pretext of an impending marriage, as an act of violence i.e. rape. The causes of such invokation are best known to such subjects of law. This creates a problem for the feminist groups crusading rape laws within the marriage because this shows that there is something intrinsically pristine about the institution of marriage that even the female subject is complacent to it.
In rape cases in general, the shift in the enquiry since the times of the judgment of the SC in Bharwada Bhoginbhai Hirjibhai v. State of Gujarat in cases of corroboration of the testimony of the victim (read survivor) has been felt; though however problematic it may seem. The question of enquiry now is not whether the act actually happened but whether there was consent in the act or not. The much hyped Farooqui judgement has though defeated the purpose and has taken the jurisprudence around rape back by a few giant steps where they have negated consent and have ignored the right of sexual autonomy of the survivor. Sadly enough the issue of marital rape has not even reached a stage where the pertinent question is of consent rather than the factual happening of the act; it seems that it is a long way to go for the protection of rights of the women within the so called safe haven of the home and marriage.

Ms.Saumya Sharma
Assistant Professor
Law